Globalization has led to an increase in migration and tourism. Tourism involves activities that lead people to leave their homes. It means they travel to other places temporarily for education, business or leisure. Migration is moving to another country on a more permanent basis.
Growth in international tourism and mobility can result in more tourism-led migration. At the same time, migrants travel back to their countries for visits, and relatives visit them, so migration can also boost tourism.
The Movement of Students is Increasing
The movement of students to achieve a higher education has been on the increase. The cost of living, immigration rules, financing, and hostel facilities are some of the factors that help them choose a country. Students enjoy their studies but also from their interactions with other people and experiences that foster their growth.
Experiential learning is a part of studying abroad and can be transformative. The most cited reasons for choosing a particular university are the quality of the education. It is also about the attractiveness of the destination. Students and their families recognize the labor-market value of obtaining foreign qualifications.
Students who Start as Tourists often Migrate
Students who stay for more than a year in a destination country may eventually end up staying for good. This is because they often spend time during their long vacations in tourist destinations rather than going back home. When they stay in a country for any length of time, they may see opportunities they wouldn’t get at home and are reluctant to go back.
Increased visibility and development of new tourism infrastructure has an effect on migration. The easier it is for family and friends to visit, the more familiar they become with the country. They may even be more tempted to want to live there permanently.
Read Essays about Tourism and Migration
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The Economic Impact of Students on Host Countries
Students have an economic impact on a host country in terms of payment of tuition fees. It also includes living costs, traveling expenses, and entertainment. Countries known for generating FDI through international students are the UK, Australia and the USA.
Education tourism is seen as an effective means to bring in young individuals as tourists. This is based on what they have seen on the Internet and want to experience visually in person of another country.
This provides a significant market development opportunity. There are factors related to educational tourism contributing economically to the destination country. They are the expenditures of relatives and friends who visit international students. Attracting students for the short term can lead to valuable migrants over the long term.
Real and Perceived Negative Aspects
There are some real and perceived negative aspects of the relationship between tourism and migration. They are the “brain drain”, reduced tax revenues in origin countries. Social tension and wage deflation in destination countries are also related to it.
The Benefit of Valuable Skilled Migrants
Universities are starting to facilitate relationships between foreign students and the local communities. This can help to foster learning and make local economies more sustainable.
Both the university and the local areas benefit when international students choose to stay and work in the host country. Another benefit is when they put to use what they have learned there. The prospect of a higher standard of living migration from low-income to middle and high-income countries. Both tourism and migration are driven by economics – to spend or to earn. It could also be due to expectations of higher wages.
Statistics show that the number of students traveling to study abroad is increasing yearly. Research shows evidence about the positive impact of international education tourism. It also shows its economic and social benefits to host countries. Students may go from educational tourists to becoming valuable skilled migrants. Governments that recognize this will use various strategies to make the experience a good one for students. It will encourage them to stay for longer.